sentence rules in Bengali. A sentence is a word or group of words that must express a complete idea or sense or meaning and that may consist of a subject and a verb.
Also, it may have an object or a complement and the words must be ordered properly.
sentence rules in Bengali
যে শব্দ বা শব্দ সমষ্টি দ্বারা সম্পূর্ণ অর্থ প্রকাশ পায় এবং যা সাধারণত কর্তা এবং ক্রিয়া দ্বারা গঠিত তাকে sentence বা বাক্য বলা হয় ।
– We practice English every day. (Here we is subject, practice is a verb, English is an object and every day is an adverb)
Basically there are two parts of a sentence: (একটি Sentence এ মূলত দুটি অংশ থাকে)
- Subject and
Subject: A subject of a sentence is a person or thing about which something is said or written.
Predicate: And the Predicate that says what the Subject does.
যে ব্যক্তি বা বস্তু সম্পর্কে কোনকিছু বলা বা লিখা হয় তাকে Subject বা কর্তা বলে ।
যা subject বা কর্তা সম্পর্কে বলে বা করে বা লিখে তাকে Predicate বলা হয় ।
In the above example ‘We’ is subject and ‘practice English everyday’ is Predicate. A sentence usually starts with a subject and then predicate comes.
N. B.: In some cases like order, advice or request subject is not mentioned. It is understood.
– (You) Keep quite.
– (You) Take care of your health.
– (I) Thank you.
And sometimes a sentence starts with the predicate and then the subject comes.
– Long live Bangladesh
– Down went to the Titanic.
Kinds of Sentence:
A sentence can be classified into five categories according to the meaning or functions.
- Assertive Sentence
- Interrogative Sentence
- Imperative Sentence
- Optative Sentence
- Exclamatory Sentence
Assertive Sentence Rules in Bengali:
An assertive sentence is a simple/general statement or assertion, either affirmative or negative.
কোনো সাধারণ বিবৃতি বা বক্তব্যকে Assertive Sentence rules in Bengali (বিবৃতিমূলক বাক্য) বলে
Pattern: Subject + verb + object/complement/adverb/adjective
-English is an International Language. (Affirmative)
-We do not do bad things. (Negative)
-Everybody should know English. (Modal auxiliaries)
An interrogative sentence asks a question about a person or thing(s). It always ends with a note of interrogation a.k.a. question mark (?).
There are two ways to form an interrogative sentence.
I. Beginning with helping verbs (am, is, are, was, were, have, has, had) or modal auxiliaries (shall, should, will, would, can, could, may, might, etc.).
– Do you have your assignment ready?
– Does he speak English?
– Did she work abroad?
– Should I go there?
– Can you hear the sound?
– Don’t you want any food? (Negative)
II. Beginning with some specific words like who, which, what, when, where, why, how, whom, how much, how many, etc. [These are known as ‘WH’ questions.
– How is your business going on?
– Who fixed the computer?
– Whom do you support?
– What are you expecting from me?
– What time is it now?
– How many people have died there?
Imperative Sentence Rules in Bangla
A sentence that expresses a request, command, order, advice, suggestion, etc. is an imperative sentence.
In an imperative sentence, the subject is usually unexpressed; it is understood rather.
Pattern: Subject (Invisible) + verb + object / where
– Take care of yourself.
– Give me a pen.
– Do it now.
– Be honest.
– Come here
– Never tell a lie
– Do not laugh at other’s helplessness.
– Let him go there.
Wish, desire, prayer, etc. are expressed by the Optative sentence.
Pattern: May + Assertive
– May you live long.
– May Allah bless you.
– Wish you all the best.
– Long live in Bangladesh. (Can be formed without ‘may’)
Related: Gender Rules in Bangla
Exclamatory Sentence Rules in Bengali
Exclamatory is a sentence which expresses strong/sudden feeling or emotion like surprise, pain, delight, anger, disgust, etc.
Pattern: Alas/ Hurrah/ Bravo/ What/ How etc. + Others
– Hurrah! Our cricket team has won the series.
– Alas! He has failed the competition.
– Bravo! You have done a great job.
– What a talented girl she is!
– How sweetly the cuckoo sings!
– What a wonderful land Bangladesh is!
– Was I a Super Hero!
– What a pity!
– What an idea!
– Put that down now!
– Leave the package at the door.
– Walk softly, please.
According to structure, sentences are of three types.
I. Simple Sentence.
II. Complex Sentence.
III. Compound Sentence.
Simple Sentence Rules in Bengali:
The simple sentence is structured with only one subject and one finite verb. A simple sentence has only one independent clause.
Pattern: Subject + finite verb + complement
– Bangladesh is a populated country
– Life is not a bed of roses
– Human is superior in this planet.
Complex Sentence Rules in Bengali:
A sentence consisting of one principal clause and one or more sub-ordinate clause(s) is a complex sentence.
– If you work hard, you will shine in life. (Here, ‘if you work hard’ is a subordinate clause and ‘you will shine in life’ is a main or principal clause.)
Sub-ordinate clause begins with conjunctions like who, which, that, when, how, where, while, if, whether, because, since, as, though, although, till, until, unless, before, after, so that, whenever, wherever, whoever, whatever, etc.
– I know where he lives.
– I do not know what his name is.
– While there is life there is hope.
– We eat so that we can survive.
Compound Sentence Rules in Bengali:
A sentence having more than one principal clauses, linked by one or more coordinating conjunctions, preceded by a comma, is called a compound sentence.
Conjunctions that are used in compound sentences are and, but, or, for, nor, also, however, moreover, thus, so, therefore, else, still, as well as, accordingly, otherwise, yet, not yet, but also, either or, neither nor, on the contrary, etc.
– Respect others, and others will respect you.
– He loves us, but he does not show it.